First Aid Basics – Lesson

First Aid Basics – Lesson

We all need help at times in our lives. Sometimes we may have accidents and we may get hurt. When we are injured or suddenly become unwell, we need someone to help us, someone who knows what to do. It is temporary for immediate help. This timely assistance, comprising simple medical techniques, is most critical to the victims and is, is often life saving. Any layperson can be trained to administer first aid. First Aid can be carried out using minimal equipment. First Aid knowledge ranges from taking care of cuts to deal with an unconscious victim.

Cut and Scraps

Handling minor accidents at home or on the road develops are scenes of crisis management. This may prepare people to tackle unexpected emergencies with great confidence. Minor Cuts and Scrapes usually do not need to go to the emergency room. Yet proper care is essential to avoid infection or other complications. Following guidelines can help you to handle crisis and take care of all.

Stop the Bleeding: Minor cuts and scrapes usually stop bleeding on their own. If they do not, apply gentle pressure with the clean cloth or bandage. Hold the pressure continuously for 20 to 30 seconds and if possible elevate the wound. Do not keep checking to see if the bleeding has stopped because this may damage or dislodge the clot that is forming and cause a bleeding resume. If blood spurts or continues flowing after continuous pressure, seek medical assistance. 

Clean the wound: Rinse out the wound with clean water. To clean the area around the wound, use soap and a washcloth. But soap can irritate the wound, so try to keep it out of the actual wound. If dirt or debris remains in the wound after washing, use tweezers cleaned with alcohol to remove the particles. If debris still remains, see your doctor. Thorough cleaning reduces the risk of infection and tetanus.

Apply an antibiotic: After you clean the wound, apply a thin layer of an antibiotic cream or ointment to help keep the surface moist. The products do not make the wound heal faster, but they can help your body’s natural healing process work fast. Certain ingredients in some ointment can cause a mild rash in some people. If a rash appears, stop using the ointment.

Cover the wound: Bandages can help keep the wound clean and keep harmful bacteria out. After the wound has healed enough to make infection unlikely, exposure to the air will speed wound healing.

Change the dressing: Change the dressing at least daily or whenever it becomes wet or dirty. If you are allergic to the adhesive used in most bandages, switch to adhesive-free dressings or sterile gauze held in place with the paper tape, hauze rule, or a loosely applied elastic bandage. These supplies generally are available at pharmacies.

Watch for signs of infection: See your doctor if the wound is not healing or you notice any redness, increasing pain, drainage, warmth, or swelling.


Every office, factory, home, and school should have an accessible first aid box with the following recommended basic contents:

First Aid Book

Clearly explains how to handle the basic problems.

Band aids (Plasters)

Banned Ads for sticking plasters are good for dressing small wounds. They come in all shapes and sizes for fingers, legs, and anywhere else you might get litter cuts. Make sure the band aid is big enough to cover the wound, if not you should use a dressing instead.

Elastic Bandages

The elastic bandages are good for wrapping sprained joints or making sling in the case of a broken arm.

Gauze and Adhesive Tape

Gauze pads or roles are cloth pads that are placed directly on a wound to protect and control bleeding (for larger cuts and scrapes). You will need adhesive tape to keep the gauze in place.

In an emergency, clean cloth, hand towel, clean tee-shirt can be used to cover the wound.

Antiseptic Wipes (Alcohol Swabs) and Cotton Wool

Safety Pins and Tweezers


A pair of scissors is needed to cut that tape or gauze.

Latex Gloves

Latex Gloves are always a good idea, especially if you are dealing with body fluids from strangers.

Calamine Lotion

Calamine cotton is used for sooking sunburns and stings.

Analgesic Tablets

Such as Aspirin for paracetamol 


First Aid means responding to an emergency situation. Accidents happen always unexpectedly. But life can be saved by having a basic knowledge of what to do in an emergency and knowing proper first aid procedures. Basic training in first aid skills should be taught in schools, in the work place and, in general, be learned by all, as it is mandatory to our modern and stressful life.

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