Hazrat Muhammad and Embodiment of Justice
Hazrat Muhammad life is a perfect model and example for the people who want to attain goodness, piety and success in their individual as well as social life. People can seek the light from the message and guidance from his life to achieve perfection in the moral, spiritual and social area of life. He has set very high and noble ideas through his practical example for all mankind to follow in every field of life.
Hazrat Muhammad practically proved that no one could be more just and equitable than the Rasool of Allah Almighty. As a young trader, he earned a good reputation of being an honest, fair and just businessman. He always had fair and just dealings with all people. When the Ka’bah’ was being constructed, there arose a dispute among the people regarding the black stone. He devised the most equitable plan for the setting of the Blackstone. This placed everyone and saved them from tribal conflict.
As head of the state of Madinah, he decided all cases on merit with justice and equity, irrespective of colour, creed or race. One Quraish woman was found guilty of stealing. Some people wanted to save her from punishment in order to protect the honour of the family of the Quraish. They asked Hazrat Hazrat Usama bin Zaid to intercede on her behalf. Hazrat Usama requested Rasool to forgive her. Rasool very furiously said, “Bani Israel was ruined because of this. They applied a lot to the poor and forgave the rich.”
During the sermon, an Ansari seeing some man from the tribe of Banu Tha’lba sitting there, stood up and pointed toward them and said, “Oh Messenger of Allah! Their ancestors killed a member of our family. We appeal to you to get one of them hanged in exchange for that.” The Holy Prophet replied, “The revenge of the father cannot be taken on his son.”
The Rasool was so well-known for his justice that even the jews, who were his bitter enemies, brought their suits to him and he decided the cases in accordance with the Jewish law. He very strictly followed the Commandment of Allah: “ if they come to you, either judge between them, or decline to interfere. if you decline, they cannot hurt you in the least. If you judge, judge in equity between them. For Allah loves those who judge in equity.”
Justice demands that it should be upheld in all the circumstances, even if it goes against one’s own self or one’s family or relations. All of his life Hazrat Muhammad judged other people’s affairs with justice and told his companions to be just. It is reported by Hazrat Ali that Allah’s Rasool said to him: “ When men come to you for judgement, never decide in favour of one without hearing the arguments of the other; it is then most likely that you will know the truth.” Hazrat Muawia reported Allah’s Rasool slaying, “ Any ruler (or judge) who closes his door on the poor, the needy and the destitute, Allah closes his door on him when he becomes needy and destitute.
While Hazrat Muhammad was on his death bed, he proclaimed, “If I owed something to anyone; or if I wronged any person, or damaged anyone’s property for honour, my person, my honour and my property are here; he may take revenge on me in his world.” There was complete silence. Only one person damaged a few dirhams which were paid to him.
Allah’s Rasool proved by his own example that no one could be more firm for justice than him, even if it was against his own interest for the interest of those who were near and dear to him. He decided every case brought to him, by friend or foe with justice, without fear or favour. A person of such magnitude transcends the barriers of time and space. People of all ages can find something in his life to provide them with guidance in their various fields of activity. The Holy Qur’an clearly mentions the aspect of his life, “Indeed in the Rasool of Allah (Muhammad) you have a good example to follow for him who hopes for the (meeting with him) Allah and the Last Day, and remembers Allah must.”